All opened handles to this volume would then be invalid

If your computer is slow-moving, it crashes or freezes when you attempt to access documents or programs then you most likely have actually errors on your tough drive. Fixing and diagnosing errors on your difficult drive have the right to protect you from the nasty instance of totally loosing your instrumental papers, however it have the right to additionally resolve several Windows troubles on your system. 

Windows Check Disk tool (ChkDsk) can diagnose and correct file system errors that have the right to occur after a power failure or after an interrupted installation of a Windows update or regimen. Keep in mind that you deserve to usage the check disk tool to identify difficulties on all hard drives or removable tools (e.g. USB memory stick) attached on your computer.

You watching: All opened handles to this volume would then be invalid

In a previous tutorial I had actually pointed out the techniques to test and diagnose your difficult drive (HDD) for hardware problems. In this article I "ll display you the method diagnose and repair file device errors by making use of the Windows "CHKDSK" command, plus the way to discover out your disk"s health standing by analysis the Check Disk"s scanning outcomes (log) after execution.

Part 1. How to diagnose, deal with and also repair file system errors using Check Disk tool.

Part 2. How to view Check Disk details log.

Part 1. How to diagnose, fix and repair file mechanism errors (Windows 8, 7, Vista and XP).

Please Note: You deserve to run Check Disk tool either from Windows GUI or from a command also prompt. But, If you very own a Windows 8 (or 8.1) computer, it is better to run the check disk tool from the Command prompt because in Windows 8 GUI there is not an available alternative to sdeserve to and also repair negative sectors. (For that situation I choose to always run "Chkdsk" in any type of OS making use of the command also prompt method).

Method 1: Use Check disk tool in Windows GUI.

Method 2: Run Check Disk tool from Command also Prompt

Method 1: How to run Check disk tool from Windows GUI.

1. Open Windows Explorer (press Win + E keys).

2. Right-click on the disk that you want to diagnose and deal with errors (e.g. your major (root) disk "C:") and also choose Properties.


3. At Tools tab:

a. Press Check if you have actually Windows 8 or 8.1.

b. Press Check Now if you have actually Windows 7, Vista or XP.


4a. Press Scan if you have Windows 8 or 8.1.

4b. Check the "Shave the right to for and also attempt recoincredibly of bad sectors" checkbox and then press Start if you have Windows 7, Vista or XP (watch screenshot).


5a. If the disk is in usage, then Windows asks you to schedule the shave the right to the next time you start your computer system. When you get that message:

Select Schedule disk checkClick OK to exit disk properties.Close all programs and restart your computer.


5b. If the disk is not in usage, then the scan/repair process will certainly begin immediately and once it"s completed, you should get an indevelopment message (choose the screenshot below).


6. Continue to Part 2 to view inspect disk"s details (wellness status).

Method 2: How to run Check Disk from the Command also Prompt.

See more: How To Fix When Windows Vista Not Shutting Down Your Computer In Windows Vista

Before continuing: Restart once your computer system (to close all open programs) and disable any antivirus or/and backup programs that are presently running on your device.

1. Open an elevated command prompt. To carry out that:

In Windows 7 & Vista go to:

Start > All Programs > AccessoriesRight-click at “Command prompt” item and pick “Run as administrator”.

In Windows 10, 8 & 8.1:

Right-click at the screen"s bottom-left corner and also from the pop-up food selection, select “Command Prompt (Admin)”.


2. In the command also prompt home window, type the complying with command* and also press enter:

chkdsk %driveletter% /f /r

*Note: As %driveletter% type the drive letter of the disk (e.g. C:, E:, F:, and so on.) that you want to inspect for errors as it shows up in Windows Explorer.

For example:

If you want to check and also repair the root drive C: (wbelow Windows are Installed On) then you need to type this command (tbelow is no have to specify the drive letter for the root drive): chkdsk /f /rIf you want to examine and repair one more drive (e.g. the drive "E:" ) then you have to kind this command: chkdsk e: /f /r


3a. If you desire to examine the root drive ("C:"), you must obtain a message-question that states "Chkdsk cannot run because the volume is in use by an additional process. Would you favor to schedule this volume to be checked the following time the mechanism restart? (Y/N)" (view screenshot below).

Answer Yes to that question by pushing the Y essential on your keyboard and press Enter.Rebegin your computer


3b. If you desire to examine another drive than the root volume (drive) you have to receive a message-question that claims "Chkdsk cannot run because the volume is in use by another process. Chkdsk might run if this volume is dismounted first. ALL OPENED HANDLES TO THIS VOLUME WOULD THEN BE INVALID. Would you prefer to pressure a dismount on this volume? (Y/N)" (check out screenswarm below)

Answer No to that question by pushing the N vital on your keyboard and also press Go into.

Then you should get one more message – question says that: "Chkdsk cannot run because the volume is in usage by another procedure. Would you like to schedule this volume to be checked the following time the mechanism restart? (Y/N)"

Answer Yes to that question by pushing the Y key on your key-board and also press Get in.Restart your computer


4. After the rebegin, the check disk operation should begin. Wait till Windows examine your disk for errors.

(screenshot: Windows 7, Vista, XP)


(screenshot: Windows 8)


5. When the examine disk operation is completed Windows have to enter normally to Windows. Follow the instructions below to check out check disk"s log file.

Part 2. How to see Check Disk"s tool scanning results.

In order to see examine disk"s log (difficult disk"s wellness status) you need to navigate to Windows Event Viewer. To execute that:

1. Press “Windows

+ “R” tricks to load the Run dialog box.

2. Type eventvwr and push Get in to open up Event Viewer.


3. At the left pane, expand also Event Viewer > Windows Logs > Application.


4. At the best pane, scroll down and also double click to open the Wininit source. *

* Or go to main food selection and also select: Action > Find and also in the Find What box, type: wininit


5. Here you deserve to check out a thorough log after a record system inspect that includes all actions and also file mechanism repairs that were made.



See more: Windows 10: Update Components Must Be Repaired

To discover out your disk"s health and wellness standing, scroll dvery own (utilizing the scroll bar at the right) and review the KB worth in bad sectors line:

The value must be 0 (zero) in a healthy and balanced file device.If you see a positive worth (e.g. "100KB in negative sectors") then the file mechanism has difficulties, more than likely because your disk is defective (faulty) due to hardware troubles and also you need to rearea it. (watch suggestions below)



Always save a backup copy of your vital papers to an additional storage media (e.g. USB memory stick, External Hard Drive, DVDROM, etc.) and store this media Offline (Unplugged).